The drought in the Horn of Africa since January 2021 has reached an unprecedented level. Since its inception, it has led to the displacement of 1 million people in Somalia, informed the United Nations (UN) and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), a humanitarian organization, Friday 11 August. Since the beginning of the year alone, 755,000 people have been displaced, the two organizations said.
“This milestone of 1 million people is a huge milestoneNRC director in Somalia, Mohamed Abdi, said in a statement. Famine is affecting the entire country. We see many families who are forced to leave everything because there is no water or food in their village. Aid funding must be increased before it is too late. »
Between 5 and 7 million people were affected by the famine
Somalia has experienced a historic drought for almost two years – a situation not seen for forty years, according to the two organizations.
The number of underserved people is expected to rise from 5 million to more than 7 million in the coming months. A situation exacerbated by the effects of climate change and rising food prices due to the conflict in Ukraine.
Last week, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations warned that famine could occur in eight of Somalia’s provinces by September, if the food crop is widespread and the quality of food is low. livestock and commodity prices continue to rise and humanitarian aid falls. reach the most vulnerable.
“The situation in Somalia is one of the most pressing before this new crisis. Although we and our humanitarian partners are doing what we can to respond to the situation, our resources are not enough. resource”known as the representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Somalia, Magatte Guisse.
UNHCR announced at the beginning of June that $ 42.6 million is needed to help 1.5 million people displaced during the drought, refugees and members of the host community in Ethiopia. , Kenya and Somalia (9.5 million intended for projects in the direction of Somalia).
In early June, Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud called on the Somali diaspora and the international community to come and help the people of his country. On July 6, the European Union announced the deployment of an airlift to provide emergency food aid to the Somali population.
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