One million jobs will be created in 2021 in France, a sign of prosperity or precariousness?

“It’s a simple historical novel. » The Minister of Finance and Finance, Bruno Le Maire, welcomed on Monday, January 17, the number of companies created in 2021 in France – one million – which is considered a sign of revival of the beauty of the land.

With 995,868 companies created in 2021, “This represents an increase of 17.4% compared to 2020, itself a record year with nearly 850,000 jobs created”details a message from the government.

Read on This article is reserved for our subscribers Microentrepreneurs “at the end of their tether, tired and physical”

Two thirds are microentrepreneurs

The data from the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (Insee), which Mr. Le Maire, however, offers a nuance of size: among these businesses, almost two thirds are micro-enterprises. If we leave them out, the number of companies created in 2021 is only 354,325.

The difference is important. The autoentrepreneur regime established in 2009 – which has become a microentrepreneur since 2014 – is more vulnerable than traditional entrepreneurs.

According to a study published by INSEE in July 2021, in 2019, microentrepreneurs left an average of 590 euros per month from their self-employment, that is, 6.5 times in first of all private employers (mostly private companies or major limited power companies). . According to the study:

“Their low income is linked to the nature of this program, which puts ceilings on the turn to benefit from it. One in four earns less than 100 euros per month, especially Half more than 330 euros and one in ten more than 1,510 euros. »

Read on This article is reserved for our subscribers Many businesses are booming, their budgets are low

Freedom and danger

A proof of independence, the position of microentrepreneur has become important in recent years for those who want to start their own business. This flexible regime provides exemption from value added tax (VAT) if certain thresholds are not exceeded and exemption from social security payments in the first year of employment.

At the end of 2019, the share of microentrepreneurs increased in all sectors, according to INSEE:

“It can be 75% in non-commercial stores (in markets or remote) and up to 98% in home delivery and city courier services. »

If this promise of freedom from wage labor is good, it is also synonymous with unemployment and alternative labor. Among microentrepreneurs, 29% combined their work with paid work at the end of 2019. The arrival of the health crisis in 2020 made it even better. A survey published in 2021 by the Union des autoentrepreneurs showed that more than 83% of those questioned from a sample of 3,320 respondents had started a new job at the end of secondly, only 10% of them recovered at least 60% of their turnover from the previous year.

Self-employment can suffer, as does decentralized work under the control of a company that employs microentrepreneurs without hiring them. Restricted by law, the payment process is hidden, according to Urssaf, during “Employees give work to the principal, under conditions that put them in a legally binding relationship with the latter; and the principal may waive his duties as an employer in this manner.

Read the column: This article is reserved for our subscribers The hypothetical retirement of micro-entrepreneurs

Small businesses

An INSEE survey shows that small businesses are cheaper than sole proprietorships.

“Five years after their registration in the first half of 2014, a third of the self-employed have started their business. For the same generation, the share of independent businesses is even higher last five years (53%). »

After the record number of 995,000 companies created in 2021, there are 641,000 new microentrepreneurs, whose experience does not match the image of the economic manager.

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