Belladonna amaryllis (Amaryllis belladonna) or belladonna lily, as it is sometimes called Brunsvigia roseait is very hardy (-5°C) which is the waste of the coastal hills and river banks of South Africa.
From its large, fleshy bulb, grows an erect, hard, bare, red-green bud, bearing red flowers with a length of 6 to 10cm, collected in umbels of at least 5 and 6 arrows. They are funnel-shaped, giving off a sweet, vanilla scent, and bloom late from September. They make beautiful cut flowers for bouquets.
Deciduous leaves appear after flowering. They are fleshy, glabrous, 20 to 40cm tall with a beautiful bright green, and last through winter before turning yellow for new blooms.
The stem and all aerial parts of amaryllis belladonna are poisonous and should not be eaten.
Be careful not to confuse belladonna amaryllis (Amaryllis belladonna) with some indoor cultivation, but known under the vernacular name of amaryllis for the genus. Hippeastrum.
- Family: Amaryllidaceae
- Type: deciduous bulbous perennial
- Origin: South Africa
- Color: red, white flower
- Sow: Yes
- Cut: no
- Plant: June to September
- Flowering: September-October
- Height: 0.60 to 0.80 m
Suitable soil and propagation for amaryllis belladonna
Amaryllis belladonna grows in a sheltered, sunny, warm, light, deep, humus-rich and good soil.
Date of sowing and planting amaryllis belladonna
When the seeds are ripe, sow in pots, at 16 ° C, it is possible to do, but you have to wait about 3 years before seeing the flowers.
The division of the clusters is expected around May-June, when the leaves turn yellow. They should be replanted after planting in late spring around June or September.
Depending on the region, the bulb should be planted deep: usually 25cm except in areas with mild winters where 10cm is sufficient. A space of 35-40cm between each cluster is ideal.
The Council of Care and Culture of Amaryllis belladonna
The amaryllis belladonna does not need a lot of water during its growth, but when the leaves start to turn yellow, it is necessary to take care of the plant.
In winter, it may be necessary to protect the bulb from the cold with mulch.
Usually, after 5 to 7 years, it is recommended to divide the stems to renew them.
Diseases, pests and parasites of amaryllis belladonna
Snails and slugs can eat young shoots. Spider mites and whiteflies can enter the plant, especially in winter.
Winter can kill belladonna amaryllis.
Location and good group of amaryllis belladonna
It is a plant that is grown in beds with background flowering plants as well, but it can be planted in pots to decorate balconies and patios.
Types and varieties of Amaryllis are recommended for planting in the garden
Genre Amaryllis only one species with amaryllis belladonna (Amaryllis belladonna). Its cross with Bowden’s nerine (Nerine bowdenii) gives a puzzle wheel: amarine (x Amen), called nerid hybrid.