- More than places of preservation, these cities are political, cultural and international centers, places where kings, heirs, writers, poets, poets, poets meet. ..
The beach of Normandy
this is Dieppe who started swimming in France in 1812, the Duchess of Berry spent time there to confirm her success. The relay is carried by Trouville sur Merit was just a fishing village, but flourished with the new bourgeoisie and aristocracy of the Second Kingdom.
Investors are creating new “colonies” from scratch: Cabourg in 1853, Houlgate in 1854 a Villers-sur-Mer in 1856. This is how small farming villages became famous and popular seaside towns around the world.
The history of Trouville dates back to the Middle Ages. His name is said to be Viking. The town was a small fishing port at the time.
Charles Mozin was the artist who “discovered” Trouville in 1825, while Huet, Eugène Isabey, Xavier Leprince traveled near Honfleur from 1824. Then came Corot, who painted. Trouville’s fishing boats end up in the river, and Eugène Boudin and other artists, writers, Alexandre Dumas, Alphonse Karr, Gustave Flaubert (who met Elisa Schlesinger in the summer of 1836). But royalty, celebrities…
Louis-Philippe also helped found Trouville, where he opposed Dieppe the legitimist, and from this office he tried to escape to England during the 1848 revolution. the railroad is about the nature of the city. The popular practice of sea bathing gave birth to swimming pools. Luxury homes are growing with luxury hotel projects. The games appeared in Trouville in 1845 Casino Building. After a fire in 1903, the building was renovated in the “art nouveau” style. the Hotel Flaubert and the Norman Castletwo examples of neo-Norman style.
In the 1860s, Trouville, known as the “Queen of the Beaches”, was a beach resort with a beautiful beach and a small fishing port with a modest design … Soon this resort was under attack by Deauville. the Look good not enough, then we build the Hotel de Paristhen the Trouville Palace and finally theHotel des Roches Noires welcome all these new visitors. Above the Trouville Palace, in the famous “Planches” there are villas with a proud sea elevation of the Belle Époque: the eclectic villa “Sidonia” (1868), the “Maison persane”, the villa “Les Flots” Renaissance pastiche (1875), the O “Malakoff Tower”, the “Norman Manor”, the Villa Masselin … The current casino was founded in June 1912, we want it to be the most prestigious casino in France. However, there were many casualties in both wars.
Among the regulars of Trouville, Joseph Olliffe, the fashionable socialite doctor at the court of Napoleon III, considers himself a builder-builder and invests in the purchase of 240 hectares of marshland at the foot of the old church of Saint-Laurent. and the farms surrounding the old Deauville. In four years, from 1860 to 1864, a new Deauville emerged from the plains. Wealthy families built their “hotels” there, villas in the “eclectic style”, a clever mix of local styles and stories. Ostentatious they show the social success of their owners. The urban design is inspired by the Parisian principles of Baron Haussmann: a wall of wide streets.
The “Union Bridge” connecting Deauville and Trouville over La Touques was started in 1861, the race track in August 1863, at the same time as the stage (to prevent the passage at Le Havre , the line was extended from Lisieux).
Deauville’s social events have been established in the summer season for many years… In contrast to Trouville (seaside resort), Deauville wants to be a “fun city”. A hydrotherapeutic house was built there in 1862, it offers hot and cold baths, fresh water or sea water.
The casino is located in the center of the promenade, behind which we can see ” the arcades » and their stores on the street and later, the Grand Hotel du Casino. The fall of the Empire in 1870, Deauville was destroyed: in one season, the nobility wised up and left its villas. In addition to the political turmoil and economic crisis, there is an ecological crisis. The change of the coast, due to the jetties at the mouth of the Touques, which created the sandy beach of Deauville and was disturbed by a strong storm during the winter of 1874-1875, threw the back to a pebble beach 300m from the beach. building a wooden box to reach the sea.
The Ministry of the Interior closed the casino for illegal activities in 1889, it was closed in 1895, thus ending “La Belle Époque” for Deauville.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Deauville lived in the shadow of Trouville, a very famous resort. The new mayor, Désiré Le Hoc, decided to refreeze Deauville. He called Eugène Cornuché, operator of the Trouville casino since 1909, who moved to Deauville and built a new casino on the site of the Grand Hotel, founded in 1912, it transformed from that time of Trouville, the rebirth of Deauville began. L’Hotel Normandy opened in 1912 and the Hôtel Royal in 1913. In 1911 the stands of the Touques racecourse were built, in 1912 and 1913 the architect Théo Petit designed a set of luxury stores behind the casino for, among others, the retailer Van Cleef & Arpels and the designer Coco Chanel. The coffee of this is added the Potiniere and the Spring stores opening their first store outside of Paris.
During World War I, The Kinglike many Norman hotels, it was converted into a military hospital.
In May 1921 the city received, on the same day as Trouville, the name of the health resort. Famous gala evenings take place at the Casino de Deauville and the gaming rooms are always busy. The period of the Roaring Twenties marks the peak of this success with great figures such as King Alphonse XIII of Spain or André Citroën.
In 1924 the “Pompeian baths“open with a celebrity”Classes“and the Ship company It was built in 1929. The third palace, thegolf hotel, It was built in 1927, at which time the Clairefontaine racecourse and an aerodrome were built a little later. During the Second World War, Deauville was occupied by the German army. The city has lost its sense of humor: the hotels and the casino are covered with colorful camouflage paint, the villas on the beach are destroyed and often destroyed by the occupying forces. The beach is overgrown with gorse, cottonwood and sedge.
After the landing and the battle of Normandy, the Belgian army went to the Touques on Friday August 24, 44 in the ruins of the bridge between Deauville and Trouville. In memory of the releasers, the rebuilt bridge was named “Belgian bridge“.
It’s the late 1950s, let’s climb into the AC Bristol, the little racing car of Francoise Saganto the coast of Normandy… Where we cannot see Marguerite Duras who lives a lot in Trouville… There, he is a dancer Vaslav Nijinsky The preparation, for his famous pas de deux from “Spectre à la rose” composed by Michel Fokine… A stone sculpture in the Anglo-Norman style, Villa Strassburger, owned Ralph Strasburger since 1924, it is famous for the parties held there… Mademoiselle Suzy Delair said “With his tra la la la”, and the artist Foujita soon… Then we will be together Gabrielle Chanel, artists Raoul Dufy a Van Dongenand if we leave Deauville, the poet Eric Satie in Honfleur and the author Marcel Proust in Cabourg.
Reynaldo Hahn his works are in Cabourg, Claude Debussy composed his “Prints” while living in Orbec, Georges Braque a Albert Roussel resting in the cemetery of Varengeville, for years, in the XVIIth century the family Hotterre make flutes. Wagner, Berlioz, Massenet, Lalo…stop at Gonneville-La-Mallet inn, 15 km from Fécamp. In 1889 Camille Saint-Saëns lived in Dieppe. Anouk Aime a Jean-Louis Trintignant shot “A man and a woman” by Claude Lelouch on the beach of Deauville…
Marguerite Duras : Last summer in Trouville
French Radio Label 211842
Francis Poulenc : Bride and Groom of the Eiffel Tower“The Bather of Trouville”
The Philharmonic Orchestra is beautiful
Claire Gibault (director)
Works BNL 112773
Carl Maria von Weber : Call to dance
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Herbert von Karajan (director)
German Grammophon 413 587-2
Suzy Delair : With his tra la la la
Marianne Melody 329634
Dmitri Shostakovich : Concertino for 2 pianos in A op 94
Ismail Margain (piano)
Guillaume Bellom (piano)
B record LBM010
Alexandre Desplat : BOF division Coco before Chanel, “Waltz at Deauville”
Varese saraband VSD 6968
Eric Satie : Eccentric Beauty, “Franco Lunar March”
Alexandre Tharaud (piano)
Eric the Wise (piano)
Harmonia Mundi HMC 902017.18
Mistinguette / National Herb Brown : I’m looking for a millionaire
Reynaldo Hahn : ChivesTranslations
Republican Guard Concert Band
Roger Boutry (director)
CBS CB 701
Christian Gentet, Jean-Pierre Robert : The weekend in Deauville
double bass playing
LBLC 6536 blue label
Reynaldo Hahn : Chives“We had a good trip” (Act II)
José van Damm (bass-baritone)
Mady Mesple (soprano)
Monte-Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
Cyril Diederich (director)
Old EMI EMI 5 66159 2
Reynaldo Hahn: Sonata for Violin and Piano in C Major
3. Very pleasing to the imagination of the performer
Gabriel Tchalik (violin)
Dania Tchalick (piano)
Albert Roussel : Serenade op 30, Andante for flute trio and harp.
Marie-Claire Jamet (harp)
Harmonia Mundi HM 735
Jacques Hotterre : Suite in C m op 5 n°2 for flute and basso continuo. Minuet
The singers of Saint Julien
François Lazarevitch (flute and conductor)
Alpha Productions – Alpha 148
Edward Lalo : Spanish Symphony in D min op 21 for violin and orchestra
1. Rondo: Allegro – poco slow – tempo
Maxim Vengerov (violin)
Antonio Pappano (director)
Camille Saint-Saëns : Wedding ceremony op 76 (Valse-caprice) for piano and orchestra
Romain Descharmes (piano)
Malmö Symphony Orchestra
Marc Soustrot (director)
Claude Debussy : Sea, Wind and Sea Discussions – “ 3 symphonic paintings”
Czech Philharmonic Orchestra in Prague
Roger Desormiere (director)
Aeon AECD 1215
Francis Lai – Pierre Barouh : excerpt from the soundtrack ” A man and a woman »
Pierre Barouh (voice)
Nicole Croisille (voice)
Principles and directions